Quoll Fact Sheet

Quoll Fact Sheet

The Eastern Quoll is a small carnivorous marsupial closely related to the Tasmanian devil. There are 4 species of quoll found in Australia and 2 found in Papua New Guinea. The Eastern quoll, unlike any other quoll species has 2 morphs (or colours): Fawn or black, both with white spots. They are largely solitary and very elusive. They hunt and scavenge, feeding largely on insects, grubs, small mammals and berries.

During the day they sleep in nests made under rocks in underground burrows or fallen logs. Quoll breeding occurs in late Autumn to early winter. The young are carried in the pouch for 6-8 weeks, then are left in dens leaving the female free to hunt and forage. If the female needs to move to a different den she carries the young along on her back.

The Eastern Quoll became extinct on the mainland of Australia in the 1960s (50 years ago). They are now only found in Tasmania, where their numbers appear to be declining.

 

In 2016 we reintroduced 16 individuals, half came a captive breeding program in a sanctuary called Mt Rothwell (VIC), and. the other half came from the wild in Tasmania. As they are very adept at climbing, some climbed over the fence into the waiting jaws of foxes. However, the rest settled in, and all 5 females had litters of 6 babies each. At the beginning of spring 2016 we had about 25-30 baby quolls running around the Sanctuary for the first time in 50 years.

 

In 2017 we had our second translocation of 13 animals (6 from Mt Rothwell and 7 from Tasmania). They are cryptic animals and difficult to monitor but we estimate we have over 40 individuals in the sanctuary. We currently have a PhD student, Belinda Wilson, studying the reintroduction biology of our Eastern Quolls and will be introducing some more individuals in 2018.